Welcome to the RRS Technical section.

Below is comparative study of suspension upgrade options, we take  a look at original stock suspension, modified stock, the "Mustang2" style modification and the RRS HO2 bolt-in coil over system. We compare performance, installation, maintenance and legality. This section has three other pages, frequently asked questions, engineering information and downloadable installation instructions.

If you have any technical questions please email us at [email protected]

Comparative Suspension Evaluation

 

This comparative study will look at the following:

  • Original Ford suspension
  • Modified original Ford suspension
  • RRS Strut conversion
  • Mustang II style front end
RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Original Mustang suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Mustang 2 suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Motion Ratio

Motion ration is the rate of movement of the spring and or shock absorber to wheel movement.

 

0 points poor (over 2:1 ratio)  1 point average (below 2:1 ratio)  2 points excellent (1:1 ratio)

Unsprung weight diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Unsprung weight

Unsprung weight is the weight of the components hanging off the vehicle's suspension mounts such as wheels, rotors, control arms & shocks. The comparison will evaluate how the different suspension systems react to irregularities cause this mass to move.

 

0 points poor 1 point for average 2 points for excellent

Adjustable Gas shock by KYB diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Shock Design

Shock design & adjustability play a key role in your suspension's ability to compensate for differing road surface conditions.

 

0 points poor (cheap)

1 point (good design, no adjustment)

2 points (good design & adjustability)

Spring Design

Your springs are affected by three main factors: manufacturing process, materials, and adjustability.

 

0 points poor OE replacement spring

1 point average economy spring

2 points excellent race engineered spring

RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Thrust bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Spherical bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Articulating joints

Articulation joints are your suspensions ball joints & control arm bushings. These joints contribute to unsprung weight via friction & or resistance to movement.

 

0 points for poor (high friction)

1 point for average (low friction)

2 points for excellent (near-zero friction)

The Scores:

Original Ford Suspension: Unsprung weight 0 , Motion ratio 0, Shock design 0, Spring design 0 ,  Articulation joints 0

TOTAL  0

 

Modified Ford :  Unsprung weight 0 , Motion ratio 0, Shock design 1 , Spring design 1 ,  Articulation joints 1

TOTAL 3

 

RRS Strut:   Unsprung weight 2, Motion ratio 2, Shock design 2, Spring design 2,  Articulation joints 2

TOTAL 10

 

Mustang II Style front end: Unsprung weight 1, Motion ratio 1, Shock design 2, Spring design 1,  Articulation joints 1     TOTAL 6

Bump steer created by arc difference diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Steering Geometry

Bump steer is either a toe in or toe out effect as the suspension moves through its range of travel.

0 points for excessive bump steer

1 point for low bump steer

2 points for zero bump steer

Camber negative nuetral and positive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Camber Gain

Camber gain is commonly accepted to be an increase in negative camber as the suspension moves from droop to full bump .It is desirable to have the appropriate amount of negative camber or negative camber gain, to match the amount of tyre sidewall deflection in order to maintain good tyre to road contact.(ideally full tread contact at full speed cornering)

0 points for positive camber gain

1 point for negative camber gain

2 points for tunable negative camber gain

Scrub radius drawing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Ackerman Angle

Is the angle determined principally by the location of the outer tie rod end in relation to the lower ball joint , so that the inside wheel on a turn will turn a proportionally smaller radius than the outside wheel ,to both match wheel base & wheel track .

0 points for incorrect Ackerman angle

1 point for good Ackerman angle

2 points for good and adjustable Ackerman angle (Ackerman angle can be adjusted by one of two ways:

a) adjustable outer tie rod end location

b) Adjustable inner tie rod end location

Axis of inclination diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Steering axis inclination

Angle between vertical & a line connecting top & bottom pivots of a front suspension upright, seen from head on. Not to be confused with caster angle which is lean back angle on the top pivot behind the bottom pivot of a front upright, seen from the side of the car.

The amount of steering axis inclination is vital to suit modern radial design tyres.

0 points for incorrect steering axis inclination

1 point for acceptable steering axis inclination

2 points for acceptable & adjustable steering axis inclination

What is positive and negative caster diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Caster angle

Caster angle is the lean back angle of the top pivot behind the bottom pivot of a front upright, seen from the side of a car. The caster angle for modern tyres typically fall in the range of 2`-6` positive caster for a street car and 41/2- 81/2 positive caster for a race set up. The higher the caster angle the more self centering action will occur that helps a car run straight at high speeds, and will  also pull the wheels back to straight ahead coming out of a corner.

0 points for lack of adjustment to reach 6`

1 point for lack of adjustment to reach 8.5`

2 points for an adjustment range from factory 1.5` to 8.5`

What is the jacking effect diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Jacking effect

A jacking effect is created to either raise or lower the outside wheel opposite to the inside wheel to either increase body roll or decrease body roll. When body roll is decreased by this method a less stiff anti roll bar would be required.

0 points for a jacking effect that increases body roll

1 point for no jacking effect

2 points for a jacking effect that decreases body roll

Where is the roll centre diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Roll center position (instantaneous roll center position)

This is the invisible moving point about which a vehicle is considered to rotate in a corner. Easy to plot in a static situation but far from easy once the vehicle is moving. The relationship between the roll center & center of gravity determine the roll moment .The roll moment is the leverage exerted by a vehicle attempting to roll,

0 points for either excessively high or low roll center positioning

1 point for either moderate, high or low roll center positioning

2 points for a tightly positioned roll center as low as possible before an increase in body roll is caused.

what is the roll moment diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Roll moment

Roll moment once calculated, helps determine how the sprung weight of the vehicle can be transferred to either end of the vehicle and can help determine the springs, roll bars strengths and the leverage with which they are applied.

0 points for a roll moment that will make a vehicle dangerous at high speeds corners

1 point for a roll moment that will make a vehicle stable in high speed corners but will lack cornering grip.

2 points for a roll moment that makes a vehicle stable in high speed corners and will increase grip

what is anti dive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Anti dive

Geometric method of reducing a vehicles tendency to nose dive under braking by tilting inboard suspension pick up points and or mounting the brake calipers front or rear of the axle center line

0 points for bad anti dive characteristics

1 point for moderate anti dive characteristics

2 points for optimum anti dive characteristics

Scrub radius

Scrub radius has been a loose term which is most commonly understood to apply to a radius of movement of the tyre contact patch on the horizontal plane .When there is too much movement caused by high scrub radius, typically the vehicle will either increase or decrease with wheel movement (Scrub radius is a result of a close relationship between wheel center line and suspension pivot points)

 

0 points for poor scrub radius characteristics

1 point for moderate scrub radius characteristics

2 points for optimum scrub radius characteristics

Scrub radius diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

RRS strut    :    Bump steer 2  Camber gain 2  Ackerman angle 2  Steering axis inclination 2  Caster angle 2  Jacking effect 2  Roll centre position 2  Roll moment 2  Anti-dive 2   Scrub radius 2       TOTAL 20

 

OE Ford : Bump steer 0  Camber gain 0  Ackerman angle 0 Steering axis inclination 0  Caster angle 0  Jacking effect 0  Roll centre position 0  Roll moment 0  Anti-dive 0   Scrub radius 0       TOTAL 0

 

Modified Ford : Bump steer 0  Camber gain 1  Ackerman angle 0 Steering axis inclination 1  Caster angle 1  Jacking effect 0  Roll centre position 2  Roll moment 1  Anti-dive 0   Scrub radius 1       TOTAL 6

 

Mustang II Style : Bump steer 1  Camber gain 2  Ackerman angle 0 Steering axis inclination 2  Caster angle 1  Jacking effect 1  Roll centre position 1  Roll moment 2  Anti-dive 2   Scrub radius 0       TOTAL 12

Installation comparison

In reference to ease of installation and minimal tools and skills required for a safe performance outcome.

 

RRS strut   : no fabrication and no specialty equipment required

OE Ford    : no fabrication and no specialty equipment required

Modified Ford : no fabrication and no specialty equipment required

Mustang II Style : a large amount of fabrication and specialty equipment and skills required

beam and torsion test being conducted on XP Falcon from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report

Chassis effects

Beaming & torsioning

Beaming is the bending of the vehicle end to end .Torsioning is the twist of the vehicle end to end

0 points for increasing beaming & torsioning

1 point for maintaining beaming & torsioning

2 points for decreasing beaming & torsioning

 

Loading & fatiguing

Different suspension formats create loads in different suspension pivot points (where the sprung weight is carried). Fatiguing is typically a high stressed suspension pivot point or a reduction of the manufactures intended chassis integrity (OEM, uni-body chassis rely heavily on the integration of bolt on exterior body panels and frame welded panels)

0 points for changing the chassis design or incorrectly loading a pivot point

1 point for maintaining original chassis design and original loading pivot points

2 points for maintaining original chassis design and decreasing loading at pivot points

 

Space options

Space in relationship to engine bay size (Mustang II can remove entire shock tower, RRS strut allows the option of shock tower notching to achieve an identical effect of useable space) and space in relation to the ease of serviceability of the suspension and steering components.

0 points for no improvement of space

1 point for improvement in space that requires additional modifications

2 points for improvement in space that does not require any additional modifications

 

Weight

The gross vehicle mass ideally for any performance application should be as light as possible with no loss of chassis integrity

0 points for increased weight

1 point for maintaining weight

2 points for decreasing weight

 

Chassis integrity

Chassis integrity is affected by age, original design, modifications and skill of the tradesman who carries out the modifications. This will determine the duty cycle (lifespan) and safety of the vehicle

0 points for decreasing chassis integrity (the likely hood of failure)

1 point for maintaining chassis integrity

2 points for increasing chassis integrity

 

 RRS strut with notch kit: Beaming & tensioning 2  Loading & fatigue point 2   Space 2   Weight 2  Chassis integrity 2   Total 10

 OE Ford :  Beaming & tensioning 1  Loading & fatigue point 1   Space 0   Weight 1  Chassis integrity 1   Total 4

Modified Ford :  Beaming & tensioning 1  Loading & fatigue point 1   Space 0   Weight 1  Chassis integrity 1   Total 4

Mustang II style :  Beaming & tensioning 0  Loading & fatigue point 0   Space 1   Weight 2 Chassis integrity 0  Total 3

Cost benefit analysis diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Cost analysis
Cost analysis can be extremely deceiving .While a product may be higher priced to purchase than others , others may require additional purchases or labor costs .Therefore costs analysis can be broken down into the following categories.
 
Dollars versus performance
Basically bang for buck .When the product is stacked up against the competition does it offer a vast difference that justifies the cost?
0 points for dollars spent and no performance increase
1 point for dollars spent and moderate performance increase
2 points for dollars spent and substantial performance increase
 
Dollars versus completeness
Is it all there? Or are there hidden extras not revealed in the asking price
0 points for dollars spent and not complete
1 point for dollars spent and is complete
2 points for dollars spent and comes with additional components
 
Dollars versus additional labour costs
If professionally installed what the labour cost will be versus the ability to perform the modifications at home.
0 points for dollars spent and added labour costs
1 point for dollars spent and no added labour costs
2 points for dollars spent and decreased labour costs
 
Dollars versus maintenance costs
Are replacement parts easy to get for the product?
0 points for dollars spent and high maintenance costs
1 point for dollars spent and no additional maintenance costs
2 points for dollars spent and reduced maintenance costs
 
Dollars versus versatility
Can the system be upgraded over time?
0 points for dollars spent and no versatility
1 point for dollars spent and minimal versatility
2 points for dollars spent and maximum versatility
 
 RRS strut:   Dollars versus performance 2  Dollars versus completeness  2  Dollars versus added labour  2  Dollars versus maintenance  2  Dollars versus versatility  2 Total  10
OE Ford:   Dollars versus performance 0  Dollars versus completeness  2  Dollars versus added labour  2  Dollars versus maintenance  2  Dollars versus versatility  0  Total  6
Modified Ford : Dollars versus performance 1  Dollars versus completeness  2  Dollars versus added labour  2  Dollars versus maintenance  2  Dollars versus versatility  0  Total  7
Mustang II Style:  Dollars versus performance 1  Dollars versus completeness  0  Dollars versus added labour  0  Dollars versus maintenance  0  Dollars versus versatility  2  Total  3
Warranty & safety
In the automotive after market industry, unlike OEM, products can be sold and manufactured without any quality controls and evaluation of the safety of the vehicle's modification.
Therefore, if you are purchasing an automotive after market product to modify your vehicle, make sure it engineered tested, and it is street legal in your jurisdiction.
RRS HO2 Coil overs, brake systems, rack and pinion steering kits, under dash brake boosters, and 3 link rear suspension systems have been tested, and the tests validated by independent bodies, making RRS products internationally street legal.
 
RRS Guarantee and Warranty
RRS products have undergone rigorous engineering analysis and testing by some of the Worlds toughest Government authorities and engineering signatories , which enables RRS to standby its products with full 5 year unlimited kilometre warranty as if you are buying an OE replacement part for your road vehicle .No other steering system meets RRS high standards & guarantee.

"RRS why settle for anything less"

Revelation Racing Supplies

(61) 02 9907 3755

US Toll Free 866 597 4662

RRS PTY LTD

4/45 Kemblawarra Rd

Warrawong NSW 2502

Sydney Australia

 

(61) 02 9907 3755

US Toll Free  866 597 4662

Revelation Racing Supplies

Revelation Racing Supplies

Original Mustang suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Unsprung weight diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Adjustable Gas shock by KYB diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Bump steer created by arc difference diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is the roll moment diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is anti dive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
beam and torsion test being conducted on XP Falcon from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Cost benefit analysis diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Original Mustang suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Mustang 2 suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Unsprung weight diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Adjustable Gas shock by KYB diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Spherical bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Thrust bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Camber negative nuetral and positive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius drawing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Axis of inclination diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is positive and negative caster diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Where is the roll centre diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is the roll moment diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is anti dive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
beam and torsion test being conducted on XP Falcon from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Original Mustang suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Mustang 2 suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Unsprung weight diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Spherical bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Thrust bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Bump steer created by arc difference diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Camber negative nuetral and positive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius drawing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is positive and negative caster diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is the jacking effect diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Where is the roll centre diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is the roll moment diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is anti dive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
beam and torsion test being conducted on XP Falcon from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Cost benefit analysis diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Unsprung weight diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Spherical bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Thrust bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Camber negative nuetral and positive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius drawing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is positive and negative caster diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is the jacking effect diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Where is the roll centre diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is the roll moment diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is anti dive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
beam and torsion test being conducted on XP Falcon from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Cost benefit analysis diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Mustang 2 suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Original Mustang suspension diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Unsprung weight diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Adjustable Gas shock by KYB diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
RRS coil over diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Spherical bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Thrust bearing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Bump steer created by arc difference diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Camber negative nuetral and positive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius drawing diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Axis of inclination diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is positive and negative caster diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
What is the jacking effect diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Where is the roll centre diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is the roll moment diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
what is anti dive diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Scrub radius diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
beam and torsion test being conducted on XP Falcon from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report
Cost benefit analysis diagram from the RRS suspension upgrade comparison report